1. Bluestone Road
The pavement of this bluestone road has become very smooth. In the event of rain and snow, accidents are prone to occur, ranging from falls, crippling ankles, to fractures and severe injuries. After the rain, in addition to wearing non-slip shoes when going up the mountain, you have to relax. When walking, the center of gravity should not be too far forward, and the direction of the center of gravity should be perpendicular to the stone slab on the ground. Use trekking poles as much as possible. When carrying a smart backpack, the center of gravity of the bag should be lower in the middle, and your hands should try to support the rock walls or trees.
Always use trekking poles when Downhill, with the center of gravity tilted slightly forward. Try to place your feet on the gaps between the stone slabs or on the vegetation beside the road. A little distance between two people. After snowing, it is best to use four-tooth crampons. If you don't use crampons, your feet must fall on the roots of the trees or vegetation beside the road, but trekking poles are essential.
2. Jumping Stone Road
In the rainy season, do not go to the canyon and jump rocks before the heavy rain comes, and be careful of flash floods. Prepare a pair of hiking shoes with thicker soles. Before jumping into a rock, check whether the shoelaces are loose, and then tighten the shoulder straps and waist belt of the backpack to keep the backpack close to the back, so as to prevent the big backpack from shaking and unstable center of gravity when jumping.
When walking, the eyes should pay attention to the situation ahead and accurately judge the next place to foothold. In addition, be sure to clean the soles, if sand is stuck to the soles, it will slip easily.
3. Muddy road
When walking on this kind of road, the sole must grip the ground and make full use of trekking poles as a fulcrum, so as not to step into the deep mud inadvertently. In addition, there is a big temperature difference between day and night in spring and autumn. After rain and snow, the dirt road is very easy to freeze, and the risk factor is relatively high. When encountering this situation, make full use of trekking poles and things that can be supported. Pay attention to climbing and supporting objects. It is very important to make sure that the fulcrum is firm.
When walking in the bushes, you must wear glasses, hats, and zip up the zipper. The team members must maintain a distance of at least 1.5 meters to prevent the fallen branches of the teammates from rebounding and hurting themselves. Always remind teammates behind, pay attention to the distance is too far and easy to get lost.
5. Mountain road
To travel in the mountains, in order to avoid getting lost, save energy, and increase the speed of travel, you would better to walk on roads instead of crossing forests and mountains. If there is no road, you can choose to travel on vertical mountain beams, ridges, mountainsides, edges of rivers and streams, and terrain with tall trees, sparse forests, large gaps, and low grass. Generally, don't walk in the deep canyons and the places where the grass is luxuriant and the rattan and bamboo are intertwined.
6. Snow Place
When walking when it is snowing, or walking on the ground with a long period of snow, the most important thing is to have a small stride and maintain a fixed pace, and walk rhythmically at your own pace. When walking on snow, choose a place with hard snow. When walking for a long time on soft snow, take big steps to shorten the time of walking in the snow. When walking, you should first step back a little bit, then lift your foot up and stride forward.
7, river wading
When crossing the river, the first task is to carefully observe the flow of water. If the current is slow, you can choose to cross it in a shallower place and land on the shore where it is easy to go ashore. And directly above or next to the waterfall, the river is usually deep and has a lot of water, so it must not be crossed. In the upper reaches of the narrow river, it may be possible to cross the river directly, but first try the depth of the river with a pole.
Outside the river delta, the waves are usually turbulent and the river surface is very wide. Some rivers may even be affected by the tide, so do not cross them. Unless there are rafts or pontoons, you should go upstream to find a suitable river section to cross.
8. Step road
The best way to deal with step roads is to use trekking poles, adjust the direction of the feet, adjust the length of the trekking poles, always keep the trekking poles in front of you.
9. Dirt road
This is the most common road surface when climbing. Many dirt trails in the mountains are formed by mountain friends or local mountain people. The soft soil can buffer a lot of pressure on the legs, and it is easier to walk. But this kind of road is most afraid of rain and snow, wet and slippery rainy days, icy snowy days, catching up with rain and snow weather, it is normal to fall easily. Wear waterproof hiking shoes on rainy days. Also note that you can wear gaiters in snowy days, and crampons can help you solve problems well.
10. Rocky slope
When approaching a rocky slope, you must keep a distance from your teammates. When going up and down the mountain, you must first test whether the stones are loose before stepping on each step. When it is covered by snow or fallen leaves, you must use trekking poles and walk firmly.
11. Ridge Route
Take the ridge route, be sure to concentrate, wear professional hiking shoes, wear gloves, because many places may use both hands and feet. In the event of strong winds, it is more risky, try to bypass or pass quickly.
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